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机床工具行业进出口分析及当前应关注问题Import and Export of Machine Tool Industry and the Current concerns
 

更新时间:2010-7-29 10:33:44
 

     2008年机床工具行业进出口继续增长,但受国际金融危机的影响,进出口增速比2007年增速都有所下降。

  据海关统计,2008年机床工具行业进出口总额180.07亿美元,比2007年增长(下同)12.63%。其中进口121.88亿美元,增长6.35%,比上年增速(9.72)下降3.37个百分点;出口58.19亿美元,增长28.53%,比上年增速(38.62%)下降10.09个百分点。进出口贸易逆差63.69亿美元,比上年逆差69.33亿美元减少5.64亿美元(以上均按中国机械工业联合会统计范围,下同)。

  金属加工机床进口8.46万台,75.42亿美元,金额增长7.28%;出口20.22亿美元,增长28.38%。其中:

  数控机床进口1.88万台,31.64亿美元,金额下降0.57%;出口1.59万台,4.97亿美元,金额增长33.41%;

  加工中心进口1.38万台,20.87亿美元,金额增长21.02%;出口1386台,9823.4万美元,金额增长88.05%。

  组合机床进口521台,2亿美元,金额增长20.34%;出口2185台,1095.7万美元,金额增长24.5%。

  一、出口产品结构继续改善

  数控机床出口高速增长。按海关税号分类,在27种数控机床中,除3种出口下降外,24种都快速增长。其中出口金额居前3位、增速又快的是:数控卧式车床出口8810台,1.79亿美元,金额增长22.95%;数控弯曲、折叠或矫平机床出口1534台,0.73亿美元,金额增长91.17%;立式加工中心出口1178台,0.58亿美元,金额增长128.94%。出口高速增长的还有:卧式加工中心、龙门式加工中心、其他加工中心、其他数控车床、数控镗床、数控镗铣床、数控平面磨床、数控外圆磨床、数控切齿机、齿轮磨床或齿轮精加工机床、数控锻造或冲压机床及锻锤、数控板带纵剪机床、数控板带横剪机床、其他数控剪切机床、自动模式数控步冲压力机、其他数控冲床、其他数控冲孔或开槽机床等。
  非数控机床中,技术含量较高、出口增长快有:镗铣床、组合机床、龙门铣床、平面磨床、外圆磨床、金属研磨机床、齿轮加工机床、弯曲折叠或矫平机床等。

  二、进口结构也有所改善,数控齿轮加工机床和卧式加工中心进口增长速度最快

  金属加工机床进口结构也有所改善,进口数额有增有减。按海关税号分类,在金属中工机床中,进口额在1亿美元以上的有21种,金额居前3位的是:立式加工中心进口10329台,8.75亿美元,金额增长2.13%;卧式加工中心进口2107台,8.4亿美元,金额增长50.76%;数控卧式车床进口5015台,4.08亿美元,金额下降2.35%。

三、当前应关注的问题

  从2008年9月份起,由于受美国金融危机的影响,美国和国际市场需求减少,机床工具行业出口有4个月都比上月减少:2008年10月出口4.79亿美元,比9月份出口5.56亿美元,下降13.85%;11月出口4.5亿美元,比上个月(下同)下降6.05%;12月出口4.62亿美元,增长2.67%;2009年1月出口4.05亿美元,下降12.34%;2月出口2.28亿美元,下降43.7%,形势十分严峻。

  3月份出口3.01亿美元,虽然比上个月增长32.02%,开始扭转前4个月递减的局面。但这并不意味着外需有所好转,而是我国稳定外贸增长的政策和企业自主调整的举动开始见到了一些成效。出口下降幅度减缓的趋势是否能够延续,还要看外部需求的表现。从目前情况看,出口回升的基础尚不稳固,出口形势依然严峻。据有关国际组织预测,世界经济衰退的基本态势尚未根本改变,全球贸易下滑并未见底,欧盟、美国、日本等我国机械产品主要出口市场需求萎缩。同时,在经济低迷的情况下,各国都倾向于收紧贸易政策,贸易保护主义可能卷土重来。对此,我们要有清醒的认识和想想准备。

  当前,应对国际金融危机,推动外贸发展,需要考虑的问题和措施:

  1.用好国家已发布的各项优惠政策,推进出口贸易发展

  为应对国际金融危机的影响,我国政府已采取多项政策,加大宏观调控力度,扩大投资规模,机械工业固定资产投资高速增长(这些投资所需设备主要是机床);制订进一步支持装备制造业的政策措施,鼓励企业技术改造;全面实行增值税转型改革;扩大国内消费,以拉动内需。同时,取消了一大批国内投资项目进口机床的免关税和免增值税政策,取消了所有外资企业进口设备的增值税免税政策。这些政策有利于我国企业的自主创新,提升国产设备的竞争力。就机床工具行业的出口来说,也有许多有利因素:人民币银行贷款已多次降低利率;钢材价格已从高位回落;从2008年10月-12月,先后三次提高了共54种机床工具的出口退税率;国家对一些农机具、汽车销售给予补贴,拉动了这两个行对机床的需求;人民币兑美元汇率近一段时间,已停止了快速升值的势头,维持在相对稳定的水平。

  上述优惠政策和有利因素,有关企业要充分把握,推进企业生产和外贸发展。

  2.把握时机,转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构

当前机床工具行业面临订单减少,销售下降,存在增加的困难。最近举办的广交会订单平均减少20.8%。为此,一方面,要不断提高具有优势的劳动密集型产品的质量(如部分台钻、磨具、各种工具和一些低值普通机床等),巩固和扩大国际市场份额;另一方面,必须转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构,逐步改变目前的低附加值和低技术含量产品占主要地位的局面,加大对高技术含量,高附加值产品的开发研制力度,发展具有自主知识产权的产品,重视产品技术标准的不断完善和提高,努力向国际标准或国际先进技术标准靠拢和转化,提高国际竞争力。

  要将部分加工贸易(目前加工贸易出口占全行业出口的20%左右)逐步转型为一般贸易出口;将部分贴版产品逐步转型为自主品牌出口;调整高污染、高耗能、高耗稀缺资源产品结构(如磨料、铸件等),提高附加值。

  3.积极推动出口市场多元化,大力发展与我国已签订自由贸易协定国家的贸易和合作

  目前欧盟、美国、日本等发达经济体需求下降,必须多元化地开拓其他有潜力的市场,如中东、中亚、拉美、非洲、东欧、印度、巴西、俄罗斯等,努力弥补在欧盟、美国等市场丢失的份额。

  近几年来我国机械产品与印度、巴西、俄罗斯等新兴经济体(即金砖四国中除我国以外的其他三国)双边贸易发展很快,2007年与2008年我国机械产品出口普遍增长40%~90%。

  中国和东盟10国、中国和智利、中国和新加坡已分别于2005年-2008年签订自由贸易协定。2009年4月28日,中国已与秘鲁签订自由贸易协定。双方将对各自90%以上的产品分阶段实施零关税,我国机床工具出口将从降税安排中获益。

  三、当前应关注的问题

  从2008年9月份起,由于受美国金融危机的影响,美国和国际市场需求减少,机床工具行业出口有4个月都比上月减少:2008年10月出口4.79亿美元,比9月份出口5.56亿美元,下降13.85%;11月出口4.5亿美元,比上个月(下同)下降6.05%;12月出口4.62亿美元,增长2.67%;2009年1月出口4.05亿美元,下降12.34%;2月出口2.28亿美元,下降43.7%,形势十分严峻。

  3月份出口3.01亿美元,虽然比上个月增长32.02%,开始扭转前4个月递减的局面。但这并不意味着外需有所好转,而是我国稳定外贸增长的政策和企业自主调整的举动开始见到了一些成效。出口下降幅度减缓的趋势是否能够延续,还要看外部需求的表现。从目前情况看,出口回升的基础尚不稳固,出口形势依然严峻。据有关国际组织预测,世界经济衰退的基本态势尚未根本改变,全球贸易下滑并未见底,欧盟、美国、日本等我国机械产品主要出口市场需求萎缩。同时,在经济低迷的情况下,各国都倾向于收紧贸易政策,贸易保护主义可能卷土重来。对此,我们要有清醒的认识和想想准备。

当前,应对国际金融危机,推动外贸发展,需要考虑的问题和措施:

  1.用好国家已发布的各项优惠政策,推进出口贸易发展

  为应对国际金融危机的影响,我国政府已采取多项政策,加大宏观调控力度,扩大投资规模,机械工业固定资产投资高速增长(这些投资所需设备主要是机床);制订进一步支持装备制造业的政策措施,鼓励企业技术改造;全面实行增值税转型改革;扩大国内消费,以拉动内需。同时,取消了一大批国内投资项目进口机床的免关税和免增值税政策,取消了所有外资企业进口设备的增值税免税政策。这些政策有利于我国企业的自主创新,提升国产设备的竞争力。就机床工具行业的出口来说,也有许多有利因素:人民币银行贷款已多次降低利率;钢材价格已从高位回落;从2008年10月-12月,先后三次提高了共54种机床工具的出口退税率;国家对一些农机具、汽车销售给予补贴,拉动了这两个行对机床的需求;人民币兑美元汇率近一段时间,已停止了快速升值的势头,维持在相对稳定的水平。

  上述优惠政策和有利因素,有关企业要充分把握,推进企业生产和外贸发展。

  2.把握时机,转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构

  当前机床工具行业面临订单减少,销售下降,存在增加的困难。最近举办的广交会订单平均减少20.8%。为此,一方面,要不断提高具有优势的劳动密集型产品的质量(如部分台钻、磨具、各种工具和一些低值普通机床等),巩固和扩大国际市场份额;另一方面,必须转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构,逐步改变目前的低附加值和低技术含量产品占主要地位的局面,加大对高技术含量,高附加值产品的开发研制力度,发展具有自主知识产权的产品,重视产品技术标准的不断完善和提高,努力向国际标准或国际先进技术标准靠拢和转化,提高国际竞争力。

  要将部分加工贸易(目前加工贸易出口占全行业出口的20%左右)逐步转型为一般贸易出口;将部分贴版产品逐步转型为自主品牌出口;调整高污染、高耗能、高耗稀缺资源产品结构(如磨料、铸件等),提高附加值。

  3.积极推动出口市场多元化,大力发展与我国已签订自由贸易协定国家的贸易和合作

  目前欧盟、美国、日本等发达经济体需求下降,必须多元化地开拓其他有潜力的市场,如中东、中亚、拉美、非洲、东欧、印度、巴西、俄罗斯等,努力弥补在欧盟、美国等市场丢失的份额。

近几年来我国机械产品与印度、巴西、俄罗斯等新兴经济体(即金砖四国中除我国以外的其他三国)双边贸易发展很快,2007年与2008年我国机械产品出口普遍增长40%~90%。

  中国和东盟10国、中国和智利、中国和新加坡已分别于2005年-2008年签订自由贸易协定。2009年4月28日,中国已与秘鲁签订自由贸易协定。双方将对各自90%以上的产品分阶段实施零关税,我国机床工具出口将从降税安排中获益。

  进口增速最快的是数控齿轮加工机床,进口328台,2.36亿美元,金额增长76.73%;其次是卧式加工中心,再次是数控折弯、矫平机床和多工位组合机床。

  非数控的锻造或冲压机及锻锤、锯床或切断机进口量也很大。

  三、当前应关注的问题

  从2008年9月份起,由于受美国金融危机的影响,美国和国际市场需求减少,机床工具行业出口有4个月都比上月减少:2008年10月出口4.79亿美元,比9月份出口5.56亿美元,下降13.85%;11月出口4.5亿美元,比上个月(下同)下降6.05%;12月出口4.62亿美元,增长2.67%;2009年1月出口4.05亿美元,下降12.34%;2月出口2.28亿美元,下降43.7%,形势十分严峻。

  3月份出口3.01亿美元,虽然比上个月增长32.02%,开始扭转前4个月递减的局面。但这并不意味着外需有所好转,而是我国稳定外贸增长的政策和企业自主调整的举动开始见到了一些成效。出口下降幅度减缓的趋势是否能够延续,还要看外部需求的表现。从目前情况看,出口回升的基础尚不稳固,出口形势依然严峻。据有关国际组织预测,世界经济衰退的基本态势尚未根本改变,全球贸易下滑并未见底,欧盟、美国、日本等我国机械产品主要出口市场需求萎缩。同时,在经济低迷的情况下,各国都倾向于收紧贸易政策,贸易保护主义可能卷土重来。对此,我们要有清醒的认识和想想准备。

  当前,应对国际金融危机,推动外贸发展,需要考虑的问题和措施:

  1.用好国家已发布的各项优惠政策,推进出口贸易发展

  为应对国际金融危机的影响,我国政府已采取多项政策,加大宏观调控力度,扩大投资规模,机械工业固定资产投资高速增长(这些投资所需设备主要是机床);制订进一步支持装备制造业的政策措施,鼓励企业技术改造;全面实行增值税转型改革;扩大国内消费,以拉动内需。同时,取消了一大批国内投资项目进口机床的免关税和免增值税政策,取消了所有外资企业进口设备的增值税免税政策。这些政策有利于我国企业的自主创新,提升国产设备的竞争力。就机床工具行业的出口来说,也有许多有利因素:人民币银行贷款已多次降低利率;钢材价格已从高位回落;从2008年10月-12月,先后三次提高了共54种机床工具的出口退税率;国家对一些农机具、汽车销售给予补贴,拉动了这两个行对机床的需求;人民币兑美元汇率近一段时间,已停止了快速升值的势头,维持在相对稳定的水平。

上述优惠政策和有利因素,有关企业要充分把握,推进企业生产和外贸发展。

  2.把握时机,转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构

  当前机床工具行业面临订单减少,销售下降,存在增加的困难。最近举办的广交会订单平均减少20.8%。为此,一方面,要不断提高具有优势的劳动密集型产品的质量(如部分台钻、磨具、各种工具和一些低值普通机床等),巩固和扩大国际市场份额;另一方面,必须转型升级,不断优化出口产品结构,逐步改变目前的低附加值和低技术含量产品占主要地位的局面,加大对高技术含量,高附加值产品的开发研制力度,发展具有自主知识产权的产品,重视产品技术标准的不断完善和提高,努力向国际标准或国际先进技术标准靠拢和转化,提高国际竞争力。
  要将部分加工贸易(目前加工贸易出口占全行业出口的20%左右)逐步转型为一般贸易出口;将部分贴版产品逐步转型为自主品牌出口;调整高污染、高耗能、高耗稀缺资源产品结构(如磨料、铸件等),提高附加值。

  3.积极推动出口市场多元化,大力发展与我国已签订自由贸易协定国家的贸易和合作

  目前欧盟、美国、日本等发达经济体需求下降,必须多元化地开拓其他有潜力的市场,如中东、中亚、拉美、非洲、东欧、印度、巴西、俄罗斯等,努力弥补在欧盟、美国等市场丢失的份额。

  近几年来我国机械产品与印度、巴西、俄罗斯等新兴经济体(即金砖四国中除我国以外的其他三国)双边贸易发展很快,2007年与2008年我国机械产品出口普遍增长40%~90%。

  中国和东盟10国、中国和智利、中国和新加坡已分别于2005年-2008年签订自由贸易协定。2009年4月28日,中国已与秘鲁签订自由贸易协定。双方将对各自90%以上的产品分阶段实施零关税,我国机床工具出口将从降税安排中获益。

Import and export of machine tool industry in 2008 continued to grow, but by the international financial crisis, export growth than in 2007, growth has declined.

According to customs statistics, machine tool industry in 2008, total imports and exports 18.007 billion U.S. dollars, up from 2007 (below) 12.63%. Imports 12.188 billion U.S. dollars, up 6.35% over the previous year growth rate (9.72) down 3.37 percent; exports 5.819 billion U.S. dollars, up 28.53% over the previous year growth rate (38.62%) fell 10.09 percent. Import and export trade deficit of 6.369 billion U.S. dollars, deficit of 6.933 billion U.S. dollars over the previous year decreased 564 million U.S. dollars (or more Junan China Machinery Industry Federation statistics, the same below).

Metal processing machine tool imports 84,600 units, 7.542 billion U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 7.28%; exports of 2,022,000,000 U.S. dollars, an increase of 28.38%. Of which:

CNC machine tools imported 18,800 units, 3.164 billion U.S. dollars, the amount of 0.57% decrease; export 15 900 units, 497 million U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 33.41%;

Machining center imported 13,800 units, 2.087 billion U.S. dollars, up 21.02 percent rate; export 1386 units, 98.234 million U.S. dollars, the amount of growth of 88.05 percent.

Combination machine tool imports 521 units, 200 million U.S. dollars, the amount increased by 20.34%; export 2185 units, 10.957 million U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 24.5%.

An export product mix continued to improve

CNC machine tool export growth. By Haiguanshuihao classification, in 27 types of CNC machine tools, in addition to three kinds of export decline, the 24 species are growing rapidly. The amount of exports among the top three, and fast growth are: CNC horizontal lathe export 8810 units, 179 million U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 22.95%; CNC bending, folding or flattening machines exported 1534 units, 073 million U.S. dollars, the amount of growth 91.17%; Vertical Machining Center 1178 Taiwan exported 0.58 billion U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 128.94%. Export growth were: horizontal machining center, gantry type machining center, the other processing centers, and other CNC lathes, CNC boring, CNC boring and milling machine, CNC surface grinder, CNC cylindrical grinding machines, CNC gear cutting, gear grinding or gear intensive machine tools, CNC machine tools and forging or stamping hammer, NC strip slitting machine, CNC plate cutting machine with a cross, and other CNC shearing machine, CNC automatic mode step washed press, and other CNC punch press, CNC punching, or other open slot machine tools.
Non-CNC machine tools, high-tech, fast growth in exports are: boring and milling machine, lathe, milling machine, surface grinder, cylindrical grinder, metal grinding machines, gear cutting machines, bending and folding or flattening machines and so on.

Second, the import structure has also improved, CNC gear cutting machines and horizontal machining center, the fastest growth in imports

Metal processing machine tool imports structures also improved, the amount of imports increases and decreases. By Haiguanshuihao classification, in the metal working machine tools, the import value of more than 100 million U.S. dollars in 21 species, the amount of top 3 are: vertical machining center imports 10 329 units, 875 million U.S. dollars, the amount of increase of 2.13%; horizontal machining center imports of 2107 units, 840 million U.S. dollars, up 50.76 percent rate; CNC horizontal lathe imported 5015 units, 408 million U.S. dollars, the amount of 2.35% decrease.

Third, the current should be of concern

From September 2008 onwards, due to U.S. financial crisis, U.S. and international market demand, machine tool industry exports have dropped in 4 months: October 2008 exports of 479 million U.S. dollars, exports of 5.56 higher than in September 100 million U.S. dollars, down 13.85%; November exports 450 million U.S. dollars, from the previous month (the same) down 6.05%; December exports 462 million U.S. dollars, up 2.67%; January 2009 exports of 405 million U.S. dollars, down 12.34%; exports 228 million U.S. dollars in February, down 43.7%, the situation is very grim.

March exports of 301 million U.S. dollars, up 32.02 percent from last month though, begin to reverse the decline in the first 4 months of the situation. But this does not mean that external demand has improved, but our steady growth in foreign trade policy and corporate self-adjustment of the move began to see some results. The trend of decline in exports slowed whether continuation depends on the performance of external demand. From the current situation, not a solid basis for the rebound in exports, the export situation remains precarious. According to the International Organization has forecast world recession 尚未 fundamentally changed the basic situation, the global decline in trade has not bottomed out, the European Union, the United States, Japan and other major export products Woguo mechanical shrinking market demand. Meanwhile, the economic downturn, countries have tended to tighten trade policies, trade protectionism is likely to come back. We must have a clear understanding and think about to prepare.

At present, the response to the international financial crisis and promote foreign trade, to consider the issues and measures:

1. With the state has issued preferential policies to promote export trade

To cope with the international financial crisis, our government has taken a number of policies to increase the intensity of macroeconomic regulation and control, to expand investment in fixed assets investment in high-speed machinery industry growth (the equipment required for investment mainly for Machine Tool); develop further Zhichi equipment manufacturing policy measures to encourage technological renovation of enterprises; the full implementation of VAT reform; expand domestic consumption, in order to boost domestic demand. Meanwhile, the cancellation of a large number of domestic investment projects in machine tool imports free of duties and value-added tax policy, eliminating all foreign imports of equipment, value-added tax exemptions. These policies are conducive to innovation of Chinese enterprises to enhance the competitiveness of domestic equipment. On the export of machine tool industry is, there are many favorable factors: RMB bank loans have repeatedly cut interest rates; high steel prices have dropped; from October 2008 -12 months, has a total of three times the export of 54 kinds of machine tools tax rebates; countries some farm machinery, automobile sales are subsidized, pulling the two lines on the demand for machine tools; yuan against the dollar recently, has stopped the momentum of rapid appreciation, maintained at a relatively stable level.

The preferential policies and favorable factors, the enterprises should take full advantage of to promote production and foreign trade development.

2. Seize the opportunity to upgrade and continue to optimize export structure

Machine tool industry is facing the current decline in orders, sales were down, there is increasing difficulty. Order Fair recently held an average reduction of 20.8%. To this end, on the one hand, an advantage to continuously improve the quality of labor-intensive products (such as part of the bench drill, grinding, tools, and a number of low-value general machine tools, etc.), consolidate and expand the international market share; the other hand, must be restructured and upgraded, constantly optimize the export product mix, and gradually change the current low value-added and low technology content products dominated the situation, increase high-tech, high value-added product development and research efforts, development of independent intellectual property rights products, emphasis on product technical standards and continuously improve and enhance efforts to the international standards or to move closer to international standards and conversion of advanced technology to enhance international competitiveness.

To some of the processing trade (currently export processing trade accounted for about 20% of the industry) and gradually transition to general trade exports; part of the pasting own brand products and gradually transition to export; adjusted high pollution, high energy, high consumption of scarce resources product structure (such as abrasives, castings, etc.), higher added-value.

3. Actively promote the diversification of export markets, to develop and sign a free trade agreement China has trade and cooperation with countries

Currently the European Union, the United States, Japan and other developed economies, falling demand, must be diversified to explore other potential markets such as the Middle East, Central Asia, Latin America, Africa, Eastern Europe, India, Brazil, Russia, to make up for the European Union, United States lost market share.

In recent years, China's machinery products with India, Brazil, Russia and other emerging economies (that is, the BRICs, in addition to the three countries other than China) bilateral trade has developed rapidly in 2007 and 2008, exports of general machinery products in China increased by 40% to 90% .

China and 10 ASEAN countries, China and Chile, China and Singapore respectively in 2005 -2,008 signed free trade agreements. April 28, 2009, China has signed free trade agreement with Peru. The two sides will have their products in stages over 90% of zero tariffs, China's machine tool exports to benefit from the tariff reduction arrangements.

Third, the current should be of concern

From September 2008 onwards, due to U.S. financial crisis, U.S. and international market demand, machine tool industry exports have dropped in 4 months: October 2008 exports of 479 million U.S. dollars, exports of 5.56 higher than in September 100 million U.S. dollars, down 13.85%; November exports 450 million U.S. dollars, from the previous month (the same) down 6.05%; December exports 462 million U.S. dollars, up 2.67%; January 2009 exports of 405 million U.S. dollars, down 12.34%; exports 228 million U.S. dollars in February, down 43.7%, the situation is very grim.

March exports of 301 million U.S. dollars, up 32.02 percent from last month though, begin to reverse the decline in the first 4 months of the situation. But this does not mean that external demand has improved, but our steady growth in foreign trade policy and corporate self-adjustment of the move began to see some results. The trend of decline in exports slowed whether continuation depends on the performance of external demand. From the current situation, not a solid basis for the rebound in exports, the export situation remains precarious. According to the relevant international organizations predicted that the basic trend of world economic recession has not fundamentally changed, the global decline in trade has not bottomed out, the European Union, the United States, Japan and other major export products of China Machinery shrinking market demand. Meanwhile, the economic downturn, countries have tended to tighten trade policies, trade protectionism is likely to come back. We must have a clear understanding and think about to prepare.

At present, the response to the international financial crisis and promote foreign trade, to consider the issues and measures:

1. With the state has issued preferential policies to promote export trade

To cope with the international financial crisis, our government has taken a number of policies to increase macro-control efforts, expand the scale of investment, fixed asset investment growth machinery industry (which mainly invest in equipment for machine tools); develop further support for the equipment manufacturing industry policy measures to encourage technological renovation of enterprises; the full implementation of value-added tax reform; expand domestic consumption, to stimulating domestic demand. Meanwhile, the cancellation of a large number of domestic investment projects in machine tool imports free of duties and value-added tax policy, eliminating all foreign imports of equipment, value-added tax exemptions. These policies are conducive to innovation of Chinese enterprises to enhance the competitiveness of domestic equipment. On the export of machine tool industry is, there are many favorable factors: RMB bank loans have repeatedly cut interest rates; high steel prices have dropped; from October 2008 -12 months, has a total of three times the export of 54 kinds of machine tools tax rebates; countries some farm machinery, automobile sales are subsidized, pulling the two lines on the demand for machine tools; yuan against the dollar recently, has stopped the momentum of rapid appreciation, maintained at a relatively stable level.

The preferential policies and favorable factors, the enterprises should take full advantage of to promote production and foreign trade development.

2. Seize the opportunity to upgrade and continue to optimize export structure

Machine tool industry is facing the current decline in orders, sales were down, there is increasing difficulty. Order Fair recently held an average reduction of 20.8%. To this end, on the one hand, an advantage to continuously improve the quality of labor-intensive products (such as part of the bench drill, grinding, tools, and some low-value general machine tools 等) to consolidate and expand the international market share; the other hand, to upgrade and continue to optimize the export product mix, gradually change the current low value-added and low technology products dominated the situation, increase high-tech, high value-added product development and research efforts, development of independent intellectual property rights products, emphasis on product technical standards and continuously improve and enhance efforts to the international standards or to move closer to international standards and conversion of advanced technology to enhance international competitiveness.

To some of the processing trade (currently export processing trade accounted for about 20% of the industry) and gradually transition to general trade exports; part of the pasting own brand products and gradually transition to export; adjusted high pollution, high energy, high consumption of scarce resources product structure (such as abrasives, castings, etc.), higher added-value.

3. Actively promote the diversification of export markets, to develop and sign a free trade agreement China has trade and cooperation with countries

Currently the European Union, the United States, Japan and other developed economies, falling demand, must be diversified to explore other potential markets such as the Middle East, Central Asia, Latin America, Africa, Eastern Europe, India, Brazil, Russia, to make up for the European Union, United States lost market share.

Machinery products in China and India in recent years, Brazil, Russia and other emerging economy (ie, the BRICs, in addition to the three countries other than China) rapid development of bilateral trade in 2007 and 2008, China's machinery exports in general increased by 40% to 90% .

China and 10 ASEAN countries, China and Chile, China and Singapore respectively in 2005 -2,008 signed free trade agreements. April 28, 2009, China has signed free trade agreement with Peru. The two sides will have their products in stages over 90% of zero tariffs, China's machine tool exports to benefit from the tariff reduction arrangements.

Is the fastest growing imported CNC gear cutting machines, imported 328 sets of 236 million U.S. dollars, up 76.73 percent rate; followed by horizontal machining center, CNC bending is again, flattening machines and multi-modular machine tool.

Non-numerically controlled forging or stamping machines and hammers, sawing machine or cutting machine imports are also high.

Third, the current should be of concern

From September 2008 onwards, due to U.S. financial crisis, U.S. and international market demand, machine tool industry exports have dropped in 4 months: October 2008 exports of 479 million U.S. dollars, exports of 5.56 higher than in September 100 million U.S. dollars, down 13.85%; November exports 450 million U.S. dollars, from the previous month (the same) down 6.05%; December exports 462 million U.S. dollars, up 2.67%; January 2009 exports of 405 million U.S. dollars, down 12.34%; exports 228 million U.S. dollars in February, down 43.7%, the situation is very grim.

March exports of 301 million U.S. dollars, up 32.02 percent from last month though, begin to reverse the decline in the first 4 months of the situation. This does not mean an improvement in external demand, but steady increase in foreign trade of China's policies and corporate self-adjustment of the move began to see some results. The trend of decline in exports slowed whether continuation depends on the performance of external demand. From the current situation, not a solid basis for the rebound in exports, the export situation remains precarious. According to the relevant international organizations predicted that the basic trend of world economic recession has not fundamentally changed, the global decline in trade has not bottomed out, the European Union, the United States, Japan and other major export products of China Machinery shrinking market demand. Meanwhile, the economic downturn, countries have tended to tighten trade policies, trade protectionism is likely to come back. We must have a clear understanding and think about to prepare.

At present, the response to the international financial crisis and promote foreign trade, to consider the issues and measures:

1. With the state has issued preferential policies to promote export trade

To cope with the international financial crisis, the government has Caiqu Woguo various policies, to increase the intensity of macroeconomic regulation and control, Kuo Tai investment, fixed asset investment in machinery industry Gaosu growth (Zhexie investment Suoxushebei Zhu Yao is Jichuang); develop further support equipment Zhizao Ye policy measures to encourage technological renovation of enterprises; the full implementation of VAT reform; expand domestic consumption, in order to boost domestic demand. Meanwhile, the cancellation of a large number of domestic investment projects duty-free import of machines and free value-added tax policy, eliminating all foreign VAT tax exemption of imported equipment. These policies are conducive to innovation of Chinese enterprises to enhance the competitiveness of domestic equipment. On the export of machine tool industry is, there are many favorable factors: RMB bank loans have repeatedly cut interest rates; high steel prices have dropped; from October 2008 -12 months, has a total of three times the export of 54 kinds of machine tools tax rebates; countries some farm machinery, automobile sales are subsidized, pulling the two lines on the demand for machine tools; yuan against the dollar recently, has stopped the momentum of rapid appreciation, maintained at a relatively stable level.

The preferential policies and favorable factors, the enterprises should take full advantage of to promote production and foreign trade development.

2. Seize the opportunity to upgrade and continue to optimize export structure

Machine tool industry is facing the current decline in orders, sales were down, there is increasing difficulty. Order Fair recently held an average reduction of 20.8%. To this end, on the one hand, an advantage to continuously improve the quality of labor-intensive products (such as part of the bench drill, grinding, tools, and some low-value general machine tools, etc.), consolidate and expand the international market share; the other hand, to upgrade and continue to optimize the export product mix, and gradually change the current low value-added and low-tech products dominate the situation, increase high-tech, high value-added product development and research efforts, development of independent intellectual property rights products, emphasis on product technical standards and continuously improve and enhance efforts to the international standards or to move closer to international standards and conversion of advanced technology to enhance international competitiveness.
To some of the processing trade (currently export processing trade accounted for about 20% of the industry) and gradually transition to general trade exports; part of the pasting own brand products and gradually transition to export; adjusted high pollution, high energy, high consumption of scarce resources product structure (such as abrasives, castings, etc.), higher added-value.

3. Actively promote the diversification of export markets, to develop and sign a free trade agreement China has trade and cooperation with countries

Currently the European Union, the United States, Japan and other developed economies, falling demand, must be diversified to explore other potential markets such as the Middle East, Central Asia, Latin America, Africa, Eastern Europe, India, Brazil, Russia, to make up for the European Union, United States lost market share.

In recent years, China's machinery products with India, Brazil, Russia and other emerging economies (that is, the BRICs, in addition to the three countries other than China) bilateral trade has developed rapidly in 2007 and 2008, exports of general machinery products in China increased by 40% to 90% .

China and 10 ASEAN countries, China and Chile, China and Singapore respectively in 2005 -2,008 signed free trade agreements. April 28, 2009, China has signed free trade agreement with Peru. The two sides will have their products in stages over 90% of zero tariffs, China's machine tool exports to benefit from the tariff reduction arrangements.

, ND-COLOR: #fff" onmouseout="this.style.backgroundColor='#fff'">China and 10 ASEAN countries, China and Chile, China and Singapore respectively in 2005 -2,008 signed free trade agreements. April 28, 2009, China has signed free trade agreement with Peru. The two sides will have their products in stages over 90% of zero tariffs, China's machine tool exports to benefit from the tariff reduction arrangements.

 
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